Agricultural scientist

Cakupan obyek pertanian yang dianut di Indonesia meliputi budidaya tanaman (termasuk tanaman pangan, hortikultura, dan perkebunan), kehutanan, peternakan, dan perikanan. Sebagaimana dapat dilihat, penggolongan ini dilakukan berdasarkan objek budidayanya:

  • budidaya tanaman, dengan obyek tumbuhan dan diusahakan pada lahan yang diolah secara intensif,
  • kehutanan, dengan obyek tumbuhan (biasanya pohon) dan diusahakan pada lahan yang setengah liar,
  • peternakan, dengan obyek hewan darat kering (khususnya semua vertebrata kecuali ikan dan amfibia),
  • perikanan, dengan obyek hewan perairan (ikan, amfibia dan semua non-vertebrata).

Pembagian dalam pendidikan tinggi sedikit banyak mengikuti pembagian ini, meskipun dalam kenyataan suatu usaha pertanian dapat melibatkan berbagai objek ini bersama-sama sebagai bentuk efisiensi dan peningkatan keuntungan. Pertimbangan akan kelestarian lingkungan mengakibatkan aspek-aspek konservasi sumber daya alam juga dipelajari dalam ilmu-ilmu pertanian.

Agricultural scientists may work in laboratories, offices, in the field or in a combination of these. Some work alone but most work as members of a team. This can be alongside other scientists and farmers and often with other people involved in providing services to the agricultural industry.

Specialisations:

Agricultural scientists who specialise as winemakers deal with research and production of vines and the microbiology and chemistry of winemaking. See the separate entry for Winemaker for more information.

Agricultural Adviser

An agricultural adviser assists and advises farmers, agricultural businesses, rural industries and government in the production, processing and distribution of farm products. They may specialise in areas such as cattle and sheep, crop, dairy, fruit production, water use, farm economics or land management.

Agricultural Biotechnologist

An agricultural biotechnologist uses techniques such as genetic engineering to improve the quality and diversity of plant and animal products.

Agricultural Entomologist

An agricultural entomologist investigates the causes of insect outbreaks and researches methods to control them through integrated pest management, biological control and chemical means.

Agricultural Microbiologist

An agricultural microbiologist involved in the identification and control of disease organisms, often working in specialised areas such as food technology and environmental management.

Agronomist

An agronomist deals with soil management and methods of improving growth and quality in a wide range of crops.

Animal Scientist

An animal scientist conducts experiments in controlled breeding or in embryo manipulation. They investigate the nutritional values of different feeds and the environmental conditions necessary to improve productivity and quality of animal produce.

Crop Physiologist

A crop physiologist studies the mechanisms of normal plant growth and the effects of environmental conditions and chemicals upon them.

Horticultural Scientist

A horticultural scientist applies scientific knowledge to the cultivation and propagation of plants such as fruit, vegetables, berries, flowers, trees, shrubs and crops. They may also work in landscape design to create parks and gardens, with concern for the conservation and preservation of natural resources.

Soil Scientist

A soil scientist studies the biology, chemistry, physics and hydrology of soil systems, and conducts research and advises on matters relating to conservation and management.

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