Structural Engineering

Civil engineers plan, design, construct, operate and maintain roads, bridges, dams, water supply schemes, sewerage systems, transportation, harbours, canals, dockyards, airports, railways, factories and large building.

Civil engineers may perform the following tasks:

  • investigate sites to work out the most suitable foundation for a proposed construction
  • research and advise on the best engineering solution to meet with a client’s needs and budget
  • produce detailed designs and documentation for the construction and implementation of civil engineering projects
  • organise the delivery of materials, plant and equipment needed for the construction project and supervise labour
  • develop detailed programs for the coordination of site activities
  • talk to other engineers, architects, landscape architects and environmental scientists
  • assist government bodies in preparing yearly works programs within set budgets (e.g. for works on car parks, drainage, roads, aerodromes or sewerage)
  • prepare engineering calculations required for the design of projects and supervise the drafting
  • operate computers to assist with the design of civil engineering projects
  • coordinate and direct research development and testing of materials, processes or systems related to civil engineering works
  • research, advise on and plan the control and minimisation of air, water and solid waste pollution, and the management of water
  • supervise the testing and commissioning of completed works
  • analyse and interpret reports on loading, labour, productivity, quality, materials and performance
  • analyse risks associated with natural disasters including wind, earthquake, fire and floods, and design structures and services to meet appropriate standards
  • arrange for geological and geophysical investigations and carry out feasibility studies.


Civil engineers usually work in one of the following areas: structural, water resources, soil and foundation, transport, town planning or construction.

Airport Engineer

An airport engineer specialises in preparing designs for airports, hangars and control towers.

Geotechnical/Soil Engineer

A geotechnical/soil engineer inspects proposed construction sites to work out soil and foundation conditions by conducting drilling and sampling programs. Duties may include preparing specifications of soil mixtures for use in roads, embankments and other construction.

Harbour Engineer

A harbour engineer designs and supervises the construction of harbour facilities such as breakwaters, navigation aids, navigation channels, jetties, wharves, heavy-duty pavement surfaces, cargo sheds and bulk handling plants for grain, ore and other cargo.

Highway Engineer

A highway engineer specialises in analysing population and growth statistics and traffic patterns and volume to project future requirements. Duties may include designing efficient and safe traffic systems, studying roadway and embankment design, the geometry of highway interchanges and the maintenance of facilities such as culverts and overpasses.

Hydraulic/Water Resources Engineer

A hydraulic/water resources engineer designs and supervises construction, and advises on the operation, maintenance and repair of water resource facilities such as dams, aqueducts, hydro-electric plants, and water supply, drainage and sewerage systems.

Irrigation/Drainage Engineer

An irrigation/drainage engineer uses tests and measurements to analyse the characteristics of soil, such as salinity, water table level, areas of subnormal plant growth, soil type and surface profile.

Local Government Engineer

A local government engineer administers and supervises the design, construction and maintenance of projects such as roads, drainage systems, pedestrian and cycle facilities, bridges, buildings, recreation grounds, parks, waste disposal and water treatment schemes within a local government area.

Materials and Testing Engineer

A materials and testing engineer conducts research, development tests and evaluation of the quality or suitability of materials and products such as asphalt, concrete, steel, cement, timber and plastics, taking into account factors such as stresses and strains, estimated load, water pressures, wind resistance and temperature fluctuations related to projects.

Pipeline Engineer

A pipeline engineer specialises in preparing design proposals for pipelines and pipeline equipment, facilities and structures in consultation with petroleum and mechanical engineers.

Railway Engineer

A railway engineer studies design proposals and advises on the construction, maintenance and repair of railway systems including tracks, terminals and yards.

Structural Engineer

A structural engineer designs the framework of buildings, towers, bridges, water treatment structures, tunnels and other structures to make sure of strength and rigidity.

They may work in offices or spend much of their time on site. They may be required to work long hours and meet strict deadlines while working under minimal supervision. Civil engineers deal with various professional, skilled and semi-skilled people.

Consulting and contracting engineers often travel interstate and some travel overseas. It may be necessary for some civil engineers to change residence every few years as their work takes them from one major engineering site to another.


Terimakasih saya ucapkan untuk Pak Wiryanto.. 😉


  1. Design of Blast Resistant Buildings in Petrochemical Facilities, 280 pages
    (non-original print out, base on scan works) down load this pdf file 11 Mb


  1. D. Ngo and A.C. Scordelis .(1967). “Finite Element Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Beams”, ACI Journal , March 1967 (down-load PDF 2,848 kb) ini merupakan paper klasik pembahasan f.e.m untuk struktur beton bertulang
  2. Ramon L. Carrasquillo, Arthur H. Nilson, and Floyd O. Slate. (1981). “Properties of High Strength Concrete Subject to Short-Term Loads”, ACI Journal, March-April 1981(down-load PDF 581 kb)
  3. Peter Marti .(1985). “Basic Tools of Reinforced Concrete Beam Design”, ACI Journal, January-February 1985 (down-load PDF 3,038 kb)
  4. Frank J. Vecchio and Michael P. Collins.(1986). “The Modified Compression-Field Theory for Reinforced Concrete Element Subjected to Shear”, ACI Journal, March-April 1986 (down-load PDF 1,568 kb)
  5. Frank J. Vecchio and Michael P. Collins .(1988). “Predicting the Response of Reinforced Concrete Beams Subjected to Shear Using Modified Compression Field Theory”, ACI Structural Journal, May-June 1988 (down-load PDF 1,280 kb)
  6. Julio A. Ramirez and John E. Breen .(1991). “Evaluation of a Modified Truss-Model Approach for Beams in Shear”, ACI Structural Journal, V.88, No.5, September-October 1991 (down-load 2,500 kb)
  7. Michael P. Collins, Denis Mitchell, Perry Adebar and Frank J. Vecchio .(1996). “A General Shear Design Method”, ACI Structural Journal, January-February 1996 (down-load PDF 1,401 kb)
  8. Brian S. Maxwell and John E. Breen. (2000). “Experimental Evaluation of Strut-and-Tie Model Applied to Deep Beam with Opening”, ACI Structural Journal, V.97 No.1, Januari-Februari 2000 (down-load 1,880 kb)
  9. Federico A. Tavarez, Lawrence C. Bank, and Michael E. Plesha .(2003). “Analysis of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composite Grid Reinforced Concrete Beams”, ACI Structural Journal, March-April 2003 (down-load PDF 1,367 kb)
  10. Daniel Palermo and Frank J. Vecchio .(2003). “Compression Field Modeling of Reinforced Concrete Subjected to Reversed Loading: Formulation”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 100 / 5 (down-load PDF 182 kb)
  11. Joel M. Barron and Mary Beth D. Hueste.(2004). “Diaphragm Effects in Rectangular Reinforced Concrete Buildings”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 101 / 5 (down-load PDF 189 kb)
  12. Juan F. Correal, M. Saiid Saiidi, David Sanders, and Saad El-Azazy.(2007). “Shake Table Studies of Bridge Columns with Double Interlocking Spirals”, ACI Structural Journal V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 1139 kb)
  13. Khaldoun N. Rahal. (2007). “Combined Torsion and Bending in Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Beams Using Simplified Method for Combined Stress-Resultants”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 630 kb)
  14. P. Revathi and Devdas Menon.(2007). “Slenderness Effects in Reinforced Concrete Beams”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 570 kb)
  15. Keun-Hyeok Yang, Heon-Soo Chung, and Ashraf F. Ashour.(2007).”Influence of Shear Reinforcement on Reinforced Concrete Continuous Deep Beams”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 674 kb)
  16. Joseph Robert Yost, Shawn P. Gross, David W. Dinehart, and Jason J. Mildenberg.(2007). “Flexural Behavior of Concrete Beams Strengthened with Near-Surface-Mounted CFRP Strips”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 605 kb)
  17. Kyoung-Kyu Choi, Mahmoud M. Reda Taha, and Alaa G. Sherif .(2007). “Simplified Punching Shear Design Method for Slab-Column Connections Using Fuzzy Learning”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 572 kb)
  18. Mary Beth D. Hueste, JoAnn Browning, Andres Lepage, and John W. Wallace .(2007). “Seismic Design Criteria for Slab-Column Connections”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 315 kb)
  19. Hung-Jen Lee and Jen-Wen Ko. (2007).”Eccentric Reinforced Concrete Beam-Column Connections Subjected to Cyclic Loading in Principal Directions”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 676 kb)
  20. Alexandros G. Tsonos.(2007). “Cyclic Load Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beam-Column Subassemblages of Modern Structures”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 982 kb)
  21. Nam Ho Lee, Kang Sik Kim, Chang Joon Bang, and Kwang Ryeon Park.(2007). “Tensile-Headed Anchors with Large Diameter and Deep Embedment in Concrete”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 765 kb)
  22. José R. Martí-Vargas, César A. Arbeláez, Pedro Serna-Ros, and Carmen Castro-Bugallo.(2007). “Reliability of Transfer Length Estimation from Strand End Slip”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 419 kb)
  23. Miguel Fernández Ruiz and Aurelio Muttoni.(2007). “On Development of Suitable Stress Fields for Structural Concrete”, ACI Structural Journal, V. 104 / 4 (down-load PDF 557 kb)
  24. Discussion by Himat Solanki: Shear Strength of Reinforced Concrete T-Beams without Transverse Reinforcement. Paper by A. Koray Tureyen, Tyler S. Wolf, and Robert J. Frosch (From the Sept.-Oct. 2006 ACI Structural Journal) (down-load PDF 72 kb)


  1. M.J. Nigel Priestley .(1993).”Myths and Fallacies in Earthquake Engineering – Conflict between Design and Reality”, Bulletin of The New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 26, No.3 September 1993 (down-load PDF 2,580 kb)
  2. Stefano Pampanin. (2006). “Controversial Aspects in Seismic Assessment and Retrofit Of Structures in Modern Times: Understanding and Implementing Lessons from Ancient Heritage”, Bulletin of The New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 39, No. 2, June 2006 (dow-load PDF 1.7 Mb)
  3. NZSEE. (2006). “Assessment and Improvement of the Structural Performance of Buildings in Earthquakes – Prioritisation Initial Evaluation Detailed Assessment Improvement Measures”, Reccommendations of a NZSEE Study Group on Earthquake Risk Buildings, June 2006 (down-load PDF 5.8 Mb, 343 pages)


  1. M.P. Collins, F.J. Vecchio and G. Mehlhorn .(1985). “An international competition to predict the response of reinforced concrete panels”, Can. J. Civ. Eng. 12: 624-644 (down-load PDF 2,965 kb)
  2. F.J. Vecchio and S. Balopoulou .(1990). “On the nonlinear behaviour of reinforced concrete frames”, Can. J. Civ. Eng. 17: 698-704 (down-load PDF 1,375 kb)
  3. R.G. Selby and F.J. Vecchio .(1997). “A constitutive model for analysis of reinforced concrete solids”, Can. J. Civ. Eng. 24: 460-470 (down-load PDF 1,477 kb)
  4. D. Svecova and R.J. Eden .(2004). “Flexural and shear strengthening of timber beams using glass fibre reinforced polymer bars – an experimental investigation”, Can. J. Civ. Eng. 31: 45-55 (down-load PDF 1,929 kb)
  5. William Cavers and Gordon A. Fenton .(2004). “An evaluation of pile cap design methods in accordance with the Canadian design standard”, Can. J. Civ. Eng. 31: 109-119 (down-load PDF 223 kb)
  6. Aftab A. Mufti, Baidar Bakht, Dagmar Svecova, and Vidyadhar Limaye .(2004). “Failure tests on full-scale models of grout laminated wood decks”, Can. J. Civ. Eng. 31: 133-145 (down-load PDF 774 kb)
  7. Ricardo N.F. do Carmo and Sérgio M.R. Lopes .(2005). “Ductility and linear analysis with moment redistribution in reinforced high-strength concrete beams”, Can. J. Civ. Eng. 32: 194-203 (down-load PDF 478 kb)
  8. Y.F. Li, S.H. Chen, K.C. Chang, and K.Y. Liu .(2005). “A constitutive model of concrete confined by steel reinforcements and steel jackets”, Can. J. Civ. Eng. 32: 279-288 (down-load PDF 662 kb)


  1. Frank J. Vecchio, Evan C. Bentz and Michael P. Collins .(2004). “Tools for forensic analysis of concrete structures”, Computers and Concrete, Vol. 1, No. 1 (2004) 1-14 (down-load PDF 1,224 kb)


  1. Lip H. Teh.(2004).”Beam element verification for 3D elastic steel frame analysis”, Computers and Structures 82 (2004) 1167-1179 (down-load PDF 400 kb)

Note : Dr. Lip lahir di Indonesia, saat ini adalah pakar struktur sekaligus dosen di University of Sidney, ada beberapa comment beliau di blog ini yang mendukung. Opini beliau ditampilkan pada sampul belakang buku SAP2000 Edisi Baru yang terbit tahun 2007 ini. Thanks Dr. Lip.


A.J.M. Ferreira, P.P. Camanho, A.T. Marques, A.A. Fernandes .(2001). “Modelling of concrete beams reinforced with FRP re-bars”, Composite Structures 53 (2001) 107-116 (down-load PDF 322 kb)


  1. K.W. Day. (1981). “Quality Control of 55 MPa Concrete for Collins Place Project, Melbourne, Australia”, Concrete International, March 1981 (down-load PDF 1,266 kb)
  2. D.M. Rogowsky and J.G. MacGregor .(1986). “Design of Reinforced Concrete Deep Beams – Using the strut and tie model”, Concrete International, August 1986 (down-load PDF 2,685 kb)
  3. James K. Wight And Gustavo J. Parra-Montesinos . (2003). “Strut-and-Tie Model for Deep Beam Design: A practical exercise using Appendix A of the 2002 ACI Building Code”, Concrete International, May 2003 (down-load PDF 156 kb)


  1. R.F. Pedreschi, B.P. Sinha.(2007). “An experimental study of cold formed steel trusses using mechanical clinching”, Constr Build Mater (2007), doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2006.12.014 (down-load PDF 1021 kb)


  1. Thomas Paulay .(1999). “A Simple Seismic Design Strategy Based on Displacement and Ductility Compatibility”, Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology, Vol.1 No.1 (down-load PDF 489 kb)
  2. C. H. Yeh and C. H. Loh .(2001). “Methodology of Seismic Hazard Analysis and Damage Assessment”, Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology, Vol.3 No.1 (down-load PDF 560 kb)


  1. Sinan Akkar and Julian J. Bommer.(2007). “Prediction of elastic displacement response spectra in Europe and the Middle East”, Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2007; 36:1275-1301 (down-load PDF 563 kb)
  2. Chin-Hsiung Loh, Jerome P. Lynch, Kung-Chun Lu, Yang Wang, Chia-Ming Chang, Pei-Yang Lin and Ting-Hei Yeh.(2007). “Experimental verification of a wireless sensing and control system for structural control using MR dampers”, Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2007; 36:1303-1328 (down-load PDF 917 kb)
  3. Songye Zhu and Yunfeng Zhang.(2007). “Seismic behaviour of self-centring braced frame buildings with reusable hysteretic damping brace”, Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2007; 36:1329-1346 (down-load PDF 647 kb)
  4. R. Pinho, C. Casarotti and S. Antoniou.(2007). “A comparison of single-run pushover analysis techniques for
    seismic assessment of bridges”, Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2007; 36:1347-1362 (down-load PDF 828 kb)
  5. Manuel Navarro,Francisco Vidal, Takahisa Enomoto, Francisco J. Alcala, Antonio Garcia-Jerez, Francisco J. Sanchez and Norio Abeki.(2007). “Analysis of the weightiness of site effects on reinforced concrete (RC) building seismic behaviour: The Adra town example (SE Spain)”, Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2007; 36:1363-1383 (down-load PDF 843 kb)
  6. M. R. Ghayamghamian, and G. R. Nouri.(2007). “On the characteristics of ground motion rotational components
    using Chiba dense array data”, Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2007; 36:1407-1429 (down-load PDF 958 kb)


  1. Peter Fajfar .(2000). “A Nonlinear Analysis Method for Performance Based Seismic Design”, Earthquake Spectra, Vol.16 No.3 (down-load PDF 167 kb)
  2. Keith A. Porter,James L. Beck,and Rustem Shaikhutdinova .(2004). “Simplified Estimation of Economic Seismic Risk for Buildings”, Earthquake Spectra, Vol.20,No.4 (down-load PDF 579 kb)


E. Montoya, F.J. Vecchio, S.A. Sheikh .(2004). “Numerical evaluation of the behaviour of steel and FRP-confined concrete columns using compression field modelling”, Engineering Structures 26(2004) 1535-1545 (down-load PDF 393 kb)


  1. Seung-Eock Kim, Kyung-Won Kang, Dong-Ho Lee .(2003). “Full-scale testing of space steel frame subjected to proportional loads”, Engineering Structures 25 (2003) 69-79 (down-load PDF 562 kb)
  2. H. Sezen, A.S. Whittaker, K.J. Elwood, K.M. Mosalam .(2003). “Performance of reinforced concrete buildings during the August 17, 1999 Kocaeli, Turkey earthquake, and seismic design and construction practise in Turkey”, Engineering Structures 25 (2003) 103-114 (down-load PDF 1,099 kb)
  3. L. Cavaleri, N. Miraglia, M. Papia .(2003). “Pumice concrete for structural wall panels”, Engineering Structures 25 (2003) 115-125 (down-load PDF 586 kb)
  4. John L. Wilson .(2003). “Earthquake response of tall reinforced concrete chimneys”,Engineering Structures 25 (2003) 11-24 (down-load PDF 234 kb)
  5. M. Brun, J.M. Reynouard, L. Jezequel .(2003). “A simple shear wall model taking into account stiffness degradation”, Engineering Structures 25 (2003) 1-9 (down-load PDF 362 kb)


  1. William A. Litle.(1966). “Small Scale Models for Steel Frameworks”, AISC Engineering Journal, July 1966 (down-load 2,580 kb)
  2. W.H. Munse .(1967). “High-Strength Bolting”, AISC Engineering Journal, January 1967 (down-load PDF 885 kb)
  3. A. Lally and W. A. Milek, JR..(1969). “Bridge Construction Details”, AISC Engineering Journal, January 1969 (down-load 452 kb)
  4. Allen E. Wehrmeister.(1969). “Use of Ultrasonic Testing in the Structural Steel Industry”, AISC Engineering Journal, April 1969 (down-load 1,351 kb)
  5. R. H. R. Tide And T. V. Galambos .(1970). “Composite Open-Web Steel Joists”, AISC Engineering Journal, January 1970 (down-load 739 kb)
  6. Fazlur R. Khan and Anthony F. Nassetta.(1970).”Temperature Effects on Tall Steel Framed Buildings – Part 3-Design Considerations”, AISC Engineering Journal,October 1970 (down-load 506 kb)
  7. John H. A. Struik, Abayomi O. Oyeledun and John W. Fisher. (1973). “Bolt Tension Control with a Direct Tension Indicator”, AISC Engineering Journal, First Quarter 1973 (down-load 593 kb)
  8. T.V. Galambos .(1978). “Load Factor Design of Steel Buildings”, AISC Engineering Journal, July 1978 (down-load PDF 65 kb)
  9. S.T. Rolfe .(1977). “Fracture and Fatigue Control in Steel Structures”, AISC Engineering Journal, First Quarter (down-load 162 kb)
  10. N. Krishnamurthy .(1978). “A Fresh Look at Bolted End-Plated Behavior and Design”, Engineering Journal, Second Quarter (down-load 234 kb)
  11. John D. Griffiths .(1984). “End-Plate Moment Connections – Their Use and Misuse”, Engineering Journal, First Quarter (down-load PDF 42 kb)
  12. Michael P. Cohen .(1986). “Design Solutions Utilizing the Staggered-steel Truss System”, Engineering Journal, Third Quarter (down-load PDF 575 kb)
  13. Lambert Tall .(1989). “The Reinforcement of Steel Columns”, Engineering Journal, First Quarter 1989 (down-load 60 kb)
  14. Mark A. Bradford .(1991). “Buckling of Prestressed Steel Girders”, Engineering Journal, Third Quarter 1991 (down-load 50 kb)
  15. Patrick D. Zuraski .(1992). “The Significance and Application of Cb in Beam Design”, Engineering Journal, First Quarter (down-load PDF 115 kb)
  16. W. McGuire .(1992). “Computers and Steel Design”, Engineering Journal, Fourth Quarter (down-load PDF 1,120 kb)
  17. Engineering Journal Vol. 29 tahun 1992 – Lengkap 171 halaman
  18. Engineering Journal Vol. 30 tahun 1993 – Lengkap 152 halaman


Boyd C. Paulson, Jr. (1976). “Goal for Education and Research in Construction”, Journal of Construction Division, September 1976 (down-load PDF 103 kb)


A.M Citipitioglu, R.M. Haj-Ali, D.W. White .(2002). “Refined 3D finite element modeling of partially restrained connections including slip”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research 58 (2002) 995-1013 (down-load PDF 763 kb)


  1. F.J. Vecchio .(2002). “Contribution of Nonlinear Finite-Element Analysis to Evaluation of Two Structural Concrete Failures”, Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Vol. 16 No.3, August 1, 2002 (down-load PDF 1,039 kb)
  2. Frederick R. Rutz, and Kevin L. Rens.(2007).”Wind Loads for 19th Century Bridges: Design Evolution, Historic Failures, and Modern Preservation”, Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Vol. 21 No.2, April 1, 2007 (down-load PDF 758 kb)


Chee Kiong Soh, Yu Liu, Yue Xing Dong and Xin Zheng Lu .(2003). “Damage Model Based Reinforced-Concrete Element”, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 15, No.4, August 1, 2003 (down-load PDF 336 kb)


  1. F. J. Vecchio and A. DeRoo .(1995). “Smeared-Crack Modeling of Concrete Tension Splitting”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 121 / 6 (down-load PDF 1,309 kb)
  2. In-Won Lee, Hyung-Jo Jung, Man-Cheol Kim, and Arthur R. Robinson .(1999). “Eigensolution Method for Structures with Multiple or Close Eigenvalues”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol.125/ 11 (down-load 117 kb)
  3. M. A. Bradford, B. Uy, Y. L. Pi. (2002). “In-plane Elastic Stability of Arches Under a Centra Concentrated Load”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics,Vol.128 / 7 (down-load PDF 188 kb)
  4. Ferhun C. Caner; and Zdenek P. Bazant .(2002).”Lateral Confinement Needed to Suppress Softening of Concrete in Compression”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol.128 / 12 (down-load PDF 1,438 kb)
  5. Lip H. Teh.(2005).”Spatial Rotation Kinematics and Flexural-Torsional Buckling”, Journal of Engineering
    Mechanics, Vol. 131 / 6 (down-load PDF 100 kb)


  1. Virote Boonyapinyo, Hitoshi Yamada and Toshio Miyata.(1994).”Wind-induced Nonlinear Lateral-Torsional Buckling of Cable-Stayed Bridges, Journal of Structural Engineering Vol.120/2 (down-load PDF 968 kb)
  2. Abolghasem Saneinejad and Brian Hoobs .(1995). “Inelastic Design of Infilled Frames”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol.121/4 (down-load PDF 3,066 kb)
  3. M.S Pfeil and R.C. Batista.(1995). “Aerodynamic Stability Analysis of Cable-Stayed Bridges”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol.121/12 (down-load PDF 462 kb)
  4. Madan, A., Reinhorn, A.M., Mander, J.B., and Valles, R.E. (1997). “Modeling of Masonry Infill Panels for Structural Analysis”, Journal of Structural Engineering Vol.123/10 (down-load PDF 5,680 kb)
  5. Muhammad N. S. Hadi and Yoyong Arfiadi.(1998). “Optimum Desing of Absorber for MDOF Structures, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 124/11 (down-load PDF 776 kb)

Note : Dr. Yoyong Arfiadi sekarang aktif di Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Universitas Atmajaya Yogyakarta, paper tersebut ditulis pada saat beliau mengambil Ph.D program di Australia

  1. Balaur S. Dhillon, James W. O’Malley III .(1999). “Interactive Design of Semirigid Steel Frames”, Journal of Structural Engineering, May 1999 (down-load PDF 2,341 kb)
  2. M.A. Polak and F.J. Vecchio .(1993). “Nonlinear Analysis of Reinforced-Concrete Shells”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol.119 / 12 (down-load PDF 1,281 kb)
  3. Joseph M. Bracci, Sashi K. Kunnath and Andrei M. Reinhorn .(1997). “Seismic Performance and Retrofit Evaluation of Reinforced Concrete Structures”, Journal of Structural Enginering, Vol. 123 / 1 (down-load PDF 769 kb)
  4. Suchart Limkatanyu and Enrico Spacone .(2002). “Reinforced Concrete Frame Element with Bond Interfaces II: State Determinations and Numerical Validation”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 128 / 3 (down-load PDF 158 kb)
  5. Qing Quan Liang, Brian Uy, and Grant P. Steven . (2002). “Performance-Based Optimization for Strut-Tie Modeling of Structural Concrete”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol.128 / 6 ( down-load PDF 1,014 kb)
  6. Mettupalayam V. Sivaselvan and Andrei M. Reinhorn .(2002). “Collapse Analysis: Large Inelastic Deformations Analysis of Planar Frames”, Journal of StructuralEngineering, Vol. 128 / 12 (down-load PDF 184 kb)
  7. F.J. Vecchio and W. Shim .(2004). “Experimental and Analytical Re-examination of Classic Concrete Beam Tests”, Journal of Structrual Engineering, Vol. 130 / 3 (down-load PDF 654 kb)
  8. Jianguo Nie, Jiansheng Fan and C. S. Cai . (2004). “Stiffness and Deflection of Steel-Concrete Composite Beams under Negative Bending”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 130 / 11 (down-load PDF 145 kb)
  9. Dimitrios Vamvatsikos and C. Allin Cornell . (2005). “Direct Estimation of Seismic Demand and Capacity of Multidegree-of-Freedom Systems through Incremental Dynamic Analysis of Single Degree of Freedom Approximation”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 131 / 4 ( down-load PDF 182 kb)
  10. Tadeh Zirakian and Hossein Showkati. (2007). “Experiments on Distortional Buckling of I-Beams”, Journal of
    Structural Engineering, Vol. 133 / 7 (down-load PDF 355 kb)
  11. Vu Phan, M. Saiid Saiidi, John Anderson and Hamid Ghasemi.(2007). “Near-Fault Ground Motion Effects on Reinforced Concrete Bridge Columns”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 133, No. 7 (down-load PDF 289 kb)
  12. Murat Dicleli and Anshu Mehta.(2007). “Efficient Energy Dissipating Steel-Braced Frame to Resist
    Seismic Loads”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 133, No. 7 (down-load PDF 256 kb)
  13. Feng Zhou, Khalid M. Mosalam and Masayoshi Nakashima.(2007). “Finite-Element Analysis of a Composite Frame under Large Lateral Cyclic Loading”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 133, No. 7 (down-load PDF 313 kb)
  14. K. A. Riederer and T. Haukaas.(2007). “Cost-Benefit Importance Vectors for Performance-Based Structural Engineering”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 133, No. 7 (down-load PDF 171 kb)
  15. Thiru Aravinthan, and T. G. Suntharavadivel. (2007). “Effects of Existing Shear Damage on Externally Posttensioned Repair of Bent Caps”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 133, No. 11, November 1, 2007. (down-load PDF 559 kb)


  1. Uwe Starossek.(1996).”Cable-Stayed Bridge Concept for Longer Spans”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.1, No.3 (down-load PDF 376 kb)
  2. Sami W. Tabsh and Kalpana Sahajwani .(1997). “Approximate Analysis of Irregular Slab-on-Girder Bridges”, Journal of Bridge Engineering,Vol. 2 / 1 (down-load PDF 614 kb)
  3. Mounir E. Mabsout, Kassim M. Tarhini, Gerald R. Frederick and Charbel Tayar .(1997). “Finite-Element Analysis of Steel Girder Highway Bridges”, Journal of Bridge Engineering,Vol. 2 / 3 (down-load PDF 501 kb)
  4. Eric M. Hines, David P. Billingtion .(1998). “Case Study of Bridge Design Competition”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.3, No.3 (down-load PDF 1,035 kb)
  5. A. Zureick and R. Naqib .(1999). “Horizontally Curved Steel I Girders State of The Art Analysis Methods”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 4 / 1 (down-load PDF 115 kb)
  6. Constantine C. Spyrakos, Emory L. Kemp,and Ramesh Venkatareddy.(1999).”Validated Analysis Of Wheeling Suspension Bridge”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.4, No.1 (down-load PDF 185 kb)
  7. Marco Rosignoli .(1999). “Prestressing Schemes For Incrementally Launched Bridges”, Journal
    of Bridge Engineering, Vol.4, No.2 (down-load PDF 233 kb)
  8. Toorak Zokaie .(2000). “AASHTO-LRFD Live Load Distribution Specification”, Journal of Bridges Engineering,Vol. 5 / 2 (down-load PDF 241 kb)
  9. K. E. Barth and D. W. White .(2000).”Inelastic Design of Steel I-Girder Bridges”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 5 / 3 (down-load PDF 224 kb)
  10. Brett A. McElwain and Jeffrey A. Laman .(2000). “Experimental Verification of Horizontally Curved I-Girder Bridge Behavior”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 4 (down-load PDF 189 kb)
  11. Sami W. Tabsh and Muna Tabatabai.(2001).”Live Load Distribution In Girder Bridges Subject To Oversized Trucks”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.6, No.1 (down-load PDF 194 kb)
  12. Hung-Shan Shu and Yang-Cheng Wang.(2001).”Stability Analysis Of Box-Girder Cable-Stayed Bridges”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.6, No.1 (down-load PDF 140 kb)
  13. Q. W. Zhang, T. Y. P. Chang, and C. C. Chang .(2001). “Finite-Element Model Updating for The Kap Shui Mun Cable-Stayed Bridge”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 6 / 4 (down-load PDF 146 kb)
  14. Gregor P. Wollmann.(2001).”Preliminary Analysis of Suspension Bridges”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.6, No.4 (down-load PDF 136 kb)
  15. M. Schlaich .(2001). “Erection of Cable-Stayed Bridges Having Composite Decks With Precast Concrete Slabs”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 6 / 5 (down-load PDF 93 kb)
  16. Bruce A. Moulds .(2001). “Design Considerations for Aircraft Bridges”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 6 / 6 (down-load PDF 188 kb)
  17. Junsik Eom and Andrzej S. Nowak .(2001).”Live Load Distribution For Steel Girder Bridges”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.6, No.6 (down-load PDF 403 kb)
  18. Zhong Liu, Fang Li, and W. M. Kim Roddis .(2002).”Analytic Model of Long-Span Self-Shored Arch Bridge”,Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.7, No.1 (down-load PSDF 235 kb)
  19. Khaled M. Sennah, and John B. Kennedy .(2002).”Literature Review in Analysis of Box-Girder Bridges”,Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.7, No.2 (down-load PDF 85 kb)
  20. Ahmad M. Itani, Michael Bruneau, Lyle Carden and Ian G. Buckle .(2004). “Seismic Behavior of Steel Girder Bridge Superstructures”, Journal of Bridges Engineering,Vol. 9 / 3 (down-load PDF 608 kB)


  1. Hajime Okamura and Masahiro Ouchi .(2003). “Self-Compacting Concrete”, Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, Vol.1 No.1 (down-load PDF 1,908 kb)
  2. Shunsuke Otani .(2004). “Earthquake Resistant Design of Reinforced Concrete Buildings – Past and Future”, Invited Paper, Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology Vol.2 No.1 (down-load PDF 288 kb)
  3. Kiang Hwee Tan . (2004). “Design of Non-Prismatic RC Beams Using Strut-and-Tie Models”, Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, Vol. 2 No.2 (down-load PDF 422 kb)
  4. Tomohiro Miki and Junichiro Niwa . (2004). “Nonlinear Analysis of RC Structural Members Using 3D Lattice Model”, Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, Vol. 2 No.3 (down-load PDF 1,257 kb)


John Butterworth .(2000). “Ductile Concentrically Braced Frames using Slotted Bolted Joints”, SESOC Journal Vol. 13 No.1 April 2000 (down-load PDF 131 kb)


Toshio Miyata.(2003).”Historical view of long-span bridge aerodynamics”,Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 91 (2003) 1393-1410 (down-load PDF 614 kb)


  1. Kenneth J. Wright and Matthew A. Bunner .(1997). “High Strength Steel Reduces Truss Costs: A new bridge across the Chelyan River in West Virginia utilized Gr.36, 50 and 70 steels”, Modern Steel Construction / October 1997 (down-load PDF 139 kb)
  2. Steven A. Weinhold, P.E. .(1997). “Erection Engineering For Steel Bridge Superstructures”, Modern Steel Construction / October 1997 (down-load PDF 21 kb)
  3. Michael E. Trunko .(1997). “Galvanizing Eliminates Repainting On Bridges : A turn-key operation specializes in designing, fabricating and erecting galvanized truss bridges, Modern Steel Construction / October 1997 (down load PDF 132 kb)
  4. Lawrence G. Griffis .(2006). A Culture of Discipline: Structural engineers must approach their work with diligence and a great sense of responsibility to themselves, their firms, and society”, Modern Steel Construction / December 2006 (down-load PDF 91 kb)


  1. M.J. Nigel Priestley, S. (Sri) Sritharan, James R. Conley, Stefano Pampanin. (1999). “Preliminary Results and Conclusions From the PRESSS Five-Story Precast Concrete Test Building”, PCI JOURNAL November-December 1999 (down-load PDF 626 kb)
  2. Sidney Freedman .(1999). “Loadbearing Architectural Precast Concrete Wall Panels”, PCI JOURNAL September-October 1999 (down-load PDF 1192 kb)


Tony Fitzpatrick.(1991). “Linking London: The Millennium Bridge”,The Royal Academy of Engineering, Westminster, London, June 2001 (down-load PDF 799 kb)


  1. F. J. Vecchio .(2001). “Non-linear finite element analysis of reinforced concrete: at the crossroads ?”, Structural Concrete 2001 Vol.2 No. 4 (down-load PDF 1,228 kb)
  2. Stefano Pampanin .(2003). “Alternative design philosophies and seismic response of precast concrete buildings”, Structural Concrete 2003 Vol.4 No.4 (down-load PDF 1,655 kb) . The author is one of the winners of the fib 2003 diplomas to younger engineers in the Research category
  3. E. Caetano and A. Cunha.(2004). “Experimental and numerical assessment of the dynamic behaviour of a stress-ribbon footbridge”, Structural Concrete 2004 Vol.5,No.1 (down-load PDF 456 kb)
  4. C. G. Papanicolaou and T. C. Triantafillou .(2004). “Analysis and minimum cost design of concrete sandwich panels under out-of-plane loading”, Structural Concrete 2004 Vol.5,No 1 (down-load PDF 437 kb)


  1. Michel Virlogeux, Claude Servant, Jean-Marie Cremer,Jean-Pierre Martin, Marc Buonomo.(2005). “Millau Viaduct, France”, Structural Engineering International 1/2005 (down-load PDF 415 k)
  2. Federico M. Mazzolani.(2006). “Structural Applications of Aluminium in Civil Engineering”, Structural Engineering International 4/2006 (down-load PDF 266 k)


  1. K.F. Chung *, K.H. Ip.(2000).”Finite element modeling of bolted connections between coldformed steel strips and hot rolled steel plates under static shear loading”, Engineering Structures 22 (2000) 1271-1284 (down-load PDF 1.53 Mb)
  2. H.C. Ho, K.F. Chung .(2006). “Analytical prediction on deformation characteristics of lapped connections between cold-formed steel Z sections”, Thin-Walled Structures 44 (2006) 115-130 (down-load PDF 492 kb)
  3. Tae Soo Kima, Hitoshi Kuwamura. (2007). “Finite element modeling of bolted connections in thin-walled stainless steel plates under static shear”, Thin-Walled Structures 45 (2007) 407-421 (down-load PDF 1.07 Mb)

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